Sources

Atlantic World Context

Project Author: Mary Battle, College of Charleston

Contributing Author and Editor: Christopher Sawula, University of Alabama

Editorial Contributors
Ted Blanton, College of Charleston
Christophe J. Boucher, College of Charleston
Andrew Cuadrado, College of Charleston
Simon Lewis, College of Charleston
David Gleeson, Northumbria University
Beth Gniewek, College of Charleston
Assan Sarr, Ohio University
John White, College of Charleston
Carl Wise, College of Charleston

Sources

Berlin, Ira. “Coming to Terms with Slavery in Twenty-First-Century America,” essay. Slavery and Public History: The Tough Stuff of American Memory. James Oliver Horton and Lois E. Horton, editors. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Benjamin, Thomas. The Atlantic World: Europeans, Africans, Indians and Their Shared History, 1400-1900. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Brown, Kathleen. Good Wives, Nasty Wenches, and Anxious Patriarchs: Gender, Race, and Power in Colonial Virginia. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: The University of North Carolina, 1996.

Canny, Nicholas P. “The Ideology of English Colonization: From Ireland to America,” The William and Mary Quarterly. Third Series, Volume 30, No. 4 (October 1973) 575-598.

Carney, Judith. Black Rice: The African Origins of Rice Cultivation in the America. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Chasteen, John Charles. Born in Blood & Fire: A Concise History of Latin America. Third Edition. W.W. Norton & Company, 2011.

Curtin, Philip. The Rise and Fall of the Plantation Complex: Essays in Atlantic History. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Davis, David Brion. Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World. Oxford and London, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Davis, Robert C. Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast and Italy, 1500-1800. New York, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Deyle, Steven. Carry Me Back: The Domestic Slave Trade in American Life. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Drescher, Seymour. From Slavery to Freedom: Comparative Studies in the Rise and Fall of Atlantic Slavery. London, United Kingdom: Macmillan Press, 1999.

Eltis, David and David Richardson. Atlas of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2010.

Edelson, Max S. “Beyond ‘Black Rice’: Reconstructing Material and Cultural Contexts for Early Plantation Agriculture.” American Historical Review. Volume 115, No.1 (February 2010) 125-135.

Edelson, Max S. Plantation Enterprise in Colonial South Carolina. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2011.

Eltis, David. The Rise of African Slavery in the Atlantic World. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Equiano, Olaudah. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olauduh Equiano, or Gustavas Vassa, The African. Simon & Brown, 2013 (originally published 1789).

Geggus, David P., editor. The Impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2002.

Goldenberg, David M. The Curse of Ham: Race and Slavery in Early Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2005.

Gomez, Michael. Exchanging Our Country Marks: The Transformation of African Identities in the Colonial and Antebellum South. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Hall, Gwendolyn Midlo. Slavery and African Ethnicities in the Americas: Restoring the Links. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

Hawthorne, Walter. "Nourishing a Stateless Society During The Slave Trade: The Rise of Balanta Paddyrice Production in Guinea Bissau," The Journal of African History (Volume 42, 2001) 1-24.

Heywood, Linda M. and John K. Thornton. Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the Foundation of the Americas, 1585-1660. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2007. 

Horton, James Oliver and Lois E. Horton. Slavery and the Making of America. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Isaac, Benjamin. The Invention of Racism in Classical Antiquity. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Joshel, Sandra R. Slavery in the Roman World. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Klein, Herbert S and Ben Vinson III. African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean. Second Edition. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2007 

Klein, Herbert S. The Atlantic Slave Trade: New Approaches to the Americas. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2nd edition, 2010.

Klooster, Wim. Revolutions in the Atlantic World: A Comparative History. New York, New York: New York University Press, 2009.

Kolchin, Peter. Unfree Labor: American Slavery and Russian Serfdom. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1990.

Landers, Jane G. Atlantic Creoles in the Age of Revolutions. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2011.

Lovejoy, Paul E. Transformations in Slavery: A History of Slavery in Africa. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

McCurry, Stephanie. Masters of Small Worlds: Yeoman Households, Gender Relations, and the Political Culture of the Antebellum South Carolina Low Country. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

McMillin, James. The Final Victims: Foreign Slave Trade to North America, 1783-1810. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2004.

Mintz, Sidney M. Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History. London, United Kingdom: Penguin Books, 1986.

Morgan, Jennifer. Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

Northrup, David. Africa's Discovery of Europe 1450-1850. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Oatis, Steven J. A Colonial Complex: South Carolina’s Frontiers in the Era of the Yamassee War 1680-1730. Lincoln, Nebraska and London, United Kingdom: University of Nebraska Press, 2004.

Painter, Nell Irvin. The History of White People. New York City, New York and London, United Kingdom: W.W. Norton & Company, 2010.

Patterson, Orlando. Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1985.

Pollitzer, William S. The Gullah People and Their African Heritage. Athens, Georgia and London, United Kingdom: University of Georgia Press, 1999.

Rediker, Marcus. The Slave Ship: A Human History. Penguin, 2008.

Smallwood, Stephanie E. Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2008.

Smith, Mark M. Stono: Documenting and Interpreting a Southern Slave Revolt. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2005.

Solow, Barbara (editor). Slavery and the Rise of the Atlantic System. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Steinfeld, Robert J. The Invention of Free Labor: The Employment Relation in English and American Law, 1350-1870. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

Thomas, Hugh: The Slave Trade: The History of the Atlantic Slave Trade 1440–1870. London, United Kingdom: Picador, 1997.

Thornton, John. Africa and the Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1800. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Wood, Peter. Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the Stono Rebellion. New York City, New York: Alfred Knopf, 1974.

Young, Jeffrey Robert, editor. Proslavery and Sectional Thought in the Early South. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2006.

Establishing Slavery in the Lowcountry

Project Author: Mary Battle, College of Charleston

Editorial Contributors
Bradley Blankemeyer, College of Charleston
Kwesi Degraft-Hanson, Emory University
John Harris, Johns Hopkins University
Simon Lewis, College of Charleston
Amanda Mushal, Citadel: Military College of South Carolina
Neal Polhemus, University of South Carolina
Christopher Sawula, University of Alabama
Hayden Smith, College of Charleston

Sources

Beckles, Hilary. A History of Barbados: From Amerindian Settlement to Caribbean Single Market. Cambridge University Press, 2007. 

Berlin, Ira. “Coming to Terms with Slavery in Twenty-First-Century America” in Slavery and Public History: The Tough Stuff of American Memory, edited by James Oliver Horton and Lois E. Horton, 1-17. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge, Massachusetts and London, England: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Bull, Kinloch. “Barbadian Settlers in Early Carolina: Historiographical Notes” in South Carolina and Barbados Connections: Selections from South Carolina Historical Magazine, edited by Stephen Hoffius, 75-85. Charleston, South Carolina: Home House Press, 2011.

Carney, Judith. Black Rice: The African Origins of Rice Cultivation in the America. Harvard University Press, 2001.

Carney, Judith. In the Shadow of Slavery: Africa’s Botanical Legacy in the Atlantic World. University of California Press, 2010.

Curtin, Philip. The Rise and Fall of the Plantation Complex: Essays in Atlantic History. Cambridge University Press, 1998. 

Deyle, Steven. Carry Me Back: The Domestic Slave Trade in American Life. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Dusinberre, William. Them Dark Days: Slavery in the American Rice Swamps. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Edelson, Max S. Plantation Enterprise in Colonial South Carolina. Harvard University Press, 2011. 

Edelson, Max S. "Beyond Black Rice": Reconstructing Material and Cultural Contexts for Early Plantation Agriculture," American Historical Review, February 2010. 125-135.

Edgar, Walter. South Carolina: A History. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1998. 

Eltis, David, Philip Morgan, and David Richardson, “Agency and Diaspora in Atlantic History: Reassessing the African Contribution to Rice Cultivation in the Americas” American Historical Review, Vol. 112, No. 5, December 2007.

Fogel, Robert William. Without Consent or Contract: The Rise and Fall of American Slavery. W.W. Norton & Company, 1994.

Gallay, Alan. The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South, 1670-1717. Yale University Press, 2003. 

Gaspar, David Barry and Darlene Clark Hine, editors. More Than Chattel: Black Women and Slavery in the Americas. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1996. 

Gomez, Michael. Exchanging Our Country Marks: The Transformation of African Identities in the Colonial and Antebellum South. University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Harris, Leslie. In the Shadow of Slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1626-1863. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Landers, Jane. Black Society in Spanish Florida. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1999. 

Littlefield, Daniel. Rice and Slaves: Ethnicity and the Slave Trade in Colonial South Carolina. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1991.

McCurry, Stephanie.  Masters of Small Worlds: Yeoman Households, Gender Relations, and the Political Culture of the Antebellum South Carolina Low Country. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

McMillin, James. The Final Victims: Foreign Slave Trade to North America, 1783-1810. University of South Carolina Press, 2004.

Morgan, Philip. Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and Lowcountry. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Morgan, Jennifer. Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

Oatis, Steven J. A Colonial Complex: South Carolina’s Frontiers in the Era of the Yamassee War 1680-1730. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2004.

Olwell, Robert. Masters, Slaves and Subjects: The Culture of Power in the South Carolina Low Country 1740-1790. Cornell University Press, 1998.

Rediker, Marcus. The Slave Ship: A Human History. Penguin, 2008.

Seed, Patricia. Ceremonies of Possession in Europe’s Conquest of the New World, 1492-1640. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Smallwood, Stephanie E. Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora. Harvard University Press, 2008.

Smith, Mark M. Stono: Documenting and Interpreting a Southern Slave Revolt. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2005.

Tennanbaum, Frank. Slave and Citizen: The Classic Comparative Study of Race Relations in the Americas. Beacon Press, 1992 (originally published 1947).

Thompson, Michael. Working on the Dock of the Bay: Charleston’s Waterfront 1783-1861. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, forthcoming publication. 

Wood, Peter. Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the Stono Rebellion. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1974.

Yuhl, Stephanie. “Remapping the Tourist/Trade: Confronting Slavery’s Commercial Core at Charleston’s Old Slave Mart Museum.” Unpublished, 2011. 

Links

Avery Research Centerfor African American History and Culture
http://avery.cofc.edu/

Free the Slaves: Modern Slavery 
https://www.freetheslaves.net/

Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, & Abolition 
http://www.yale.edu/glc/index.htm

Gullah Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor
http://www.gullahgeecheecorridor.org 

International African American Museum
http://www.iaamuseum.org/

Jubilee Project
http://jubileeprojectsc.wordpress.com/

Lowcountry Digital Library
http://lcdl.library.cofc.edu/

National Museums Liverpool: International Slavery Museum
http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/ism/

Program for the Carolina Lowcountry and Atlantic World
http://claw.cofc.edu/

USI: Understanding Slavery Initiative
http://www.understandingslavery.com/

UNESCO: The Slave Route
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/culture/themes/dialogue/the-slave-route

Schomburg Center for Research for Research in Black Culture: Digital Schomburg
http://www.nypl.org/locations/tid/64/online_exhibitions

Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
http://nmaahc.si.edu 

Voyages Database: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database
http://www.slavevoyages.org