After Slavery: Educator Resources

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USHC Indicator 3.4

Summarize the end of Reconstruction, including the role of anti–African American factions and competing national interests in undermining support for Reconstruction; the impact of the removal of federal protection for freedmen; and the impact of Jim Crow laws and voter restrictions on African American rights in the post-Reconstruction era.

Unit 2: Freed Slaves Mobilize
Document 2: Rev. Henry McNeal Turner Reports on Organizing among Freedpeople in Georgia
Document 3: An Unnamed Black Organizer Reports on the Reception for Republican Speakers among                                 Freedpeople in South Carolina
Document 4: A Destitute Local Union League President Seeks Aid from the Govenor of North Carolina
Document 5: John T. Costin Reports on the Difficulties of Organizing

Unit 8: Planters, Poor Whites and White Supremacy
Document 5: Matthew C. Butler - Planters React to Being Ignored by Government
Document 6: Belton O'Neall Townsend on 1876 Strategy
Document 7: A Description of Wade Hampton's Campaign
Document 8: T. D. Gwyn Argues Against the Fence Law
Document 9: South Carolina Greenbacker Explains His Opposition to Democrats

Unit 9: Coercion, Paramilitary Terror, and Resistance
Document 4: Former Freedmen's Bureau Official Rufus B. Saxton on Freedpeople's Desire to Acquire Arms
Document 5: North Carolina Freedmen Seek Protection from Governor Holden
Document 11: Martin W. Gary's Plan for the Conservative Campaign of 1876

Unit 10: Freedpeople and the Republican Party
Document 13: Freedpeople Confront a Black Politician for Having 'Sold Out his Race'