Sources

About the Project Author
John Harris is a PhD candidate in History at Johns Hopkins University, with research interests in the illegal trans-Atlantic slave trade, slavery in the Americas, and the history of the U.S. South.

Editorial Contributors
Jonathan Bryant, Georgia Southern University
Kenneth G. Kelly, University of South Carolina
Brian Luskey, West Virginia University

Description page image: Mellidon, a U.S. slave ship captured off the Angolan coast in 1854, painting by Francis Meynell, courtesy of the National Maritime Museum, London, United Kingdom.

Sources

Deyle, Steven. Carry Me Back: The Domestic Slave Trade in American Life. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Diouf, Sylviane A. Dreams of Africa in Alabama: The Slave Ship Clotilda and the Story of the Last Africans Brought to America. New York, New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Egerton, Douglas R. Death or Liberty: African Americans and Revolutionary America. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Eltis, David. Economic Growth and the Ending of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. New York, New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

________. "The U.S. Transatlantic Slave Trade 1664-1867: An Assessment." Civil War History 54 (2008): 347-378.

________ and David Richardson. Atlas of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. London: Yale University Press, 2010.

Ferreira, Roquinaldo. "The Suppression of the Slave Trade and Slave Departures from Angola, 1830s-1860s." In Extending the Frontiers: Essays on the New Transatlantic Slave Trade Database, edited by David Eltis and David Richardson. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2008. 313-334.

Fett, Sharla M. “Middle Passages and Forced Migrations: Liberated Africans in Nineteenth-Century U.S. Camps and Ships.” Slavery and Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies 31, no. 1 (March 2010): 75–98.

Harris, John. "Circuits of Wealth, Circuits of Sorrow: Financing the Illegal Transatlantic Slave Trade in the Age of Suppression." Journal of Global History 11 (2016): 409-429.

Howard, Warren, S. American Slavers and the Federal Law, 1837-1862. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1963.

Johnson, Walther. River of Dark Dreams: Slavery, Capitalism, and Imperialism in the Mississippi Valley. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2013.

Martin, Phyllis. The External Trade of the Loango Coast, 1576-1870: The Effects of Changing Commercial Relations on the Vili Kingdom of Loango. Oxford, United Kingdom: Clarendon Press, 1972.

Obadele-Starks, Ernest. Freebooters and Smugglers: The Foreign Slave Trade in the United States after 1808. Fayetteville, Arkansas: The University of Arkansas Press, 2007.

Sinha, Manisha. The Counterrevolution of Slavery: Politics and Ideology in Antebellum South Carolina. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Takaki, Ronald T. A Pro-slavery Crusade: The Agitation to Reopen the African Slave Trade. New York, New York: The Free Press, 1971.

US Congress, House Executive Document, Session 2, Executive Document, Session 2, Executive Document 7, "African Slave Trade". Putnam/Echo cited on pages, 190, 201, 516.