The Charleston Hospital Workers Movement, 1968-1969

Exhibit Splash Image


About the Author
Kerry Taylor teaches American history at The Citadel, where he serves as coordinator of The Citadel Oral History Program.

His current manuscript project is entitled Turn to the Working Class: The New Left, Black Liberation, and the American Labor Movement (1967-1981).

Editorial Contributors
Steve Estes, Sonoma State University
Stephen Hoffius, Home House Press
Mary Moultrie, former nurse's assistant at MUSC and Hospital Strike leader 
John White, College of Charleston

Additional Credits

Special thanks to the College of Charleston's Avery Research Center for African American History and Culture, the Waring Historical Library at the Medical University of South Carolina, and the Catherwood Library Kheel Center at Cornell University for providing access to archival materials for this online exhibition.


Oral Histories

Foner, Moe. Interview by Robert Master, 25 July and 29 August 1985. Reminiscences of Moe FonerColumbia University Oral History Research Office Collection.

Moultrie, Mary. Interview by Jean-Claude Bouffard, 28 July 1982. Avery Research Center Oral History Collection, The College of Charleston. 

Moultrie, Mary. Interview by Otha Jennifer Dixon, 23 June 2008.  Southern Oral History Program Collection, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Moultrie, Mary, William Saunders, and Rosetta Simmons. Interview by Kerry Taylor, 5 March 2009. The Citadel Oral History Program Collection, The Citadel Archives and Museum, The Citadel: The Military College of South Carolina. 

White, Naomi. Interview by Otha Jennifer Dixon, 25 June 2008. Southern Oral History Program, Southern Oral History Program Collection, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.


Estes, Steve. “’I Am Somebody’: The Charleston Hospital Strike of 1969,” The Avery Review 3 no. 2 (Spring 2000): 8-32.

Fink, Leon. “Union Power, Soul Power: The Story of 1199 and Labor's Search for A Southern Strategy,” Southern Changes 5 no. 2 (March-April 1983): 9-20.

Fink, Leon, and Brian Greenberg. Upheaval in the Quiet Zone: A History of Hospital Workers’ Union, Local 1199. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989.

Grose, Philip G. South Carolina at the Brink: Robert McNair and the Politics of Civil Rights. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2006.

Hoffius, Steve. “The Charleston Hospital Workers’ Strike: 1969.” Essay in Working Lives: The Southern Exposure History of Labor in the South, edited by Marc S. Miller. New York: Pantheon Books, 1980.

Honey, Michael K. Going Down Jericho Road: The Memphis Strike, Martin Luther King's Last Campaign. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 2007.

I am Somebody. Directed by Madeline Anderson. New York: Icarus Films, 1970.


With Integrity and Dignity: The Life of James W. Colbert, Jr., M.D., Waring Historical Library, Medical University of South Carolina
Robert E. McNair: A Governor of the New South, South Carolina Political Collections Online Exhibit, University of South Carolina