Blight, David W. Race and Reunion: the Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press, 2002.
Dailey, Jane. Before Jim Crow: the Politics of Race in Postemancipation Virginia. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press, 2000.
Daniel, Pete. The Shadow of Slavery: Peonage in the South, 1901-1969. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1990.
Fitzgerald, Michael F. Urban Emancipation: Popular Politics in Reconstruction Mobile, 1860-1890. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2002.
Hunter, Tera. To 'Joy My Freedom: Southern Black Women's Lives and Labors After the Civil War. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1998.
Kousser, J. Morgan. The Shaping of Southern Politics: Suffrage Restriction and the Establishment of the One-Party South, 1880-1910. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1974.
Lebsock, Suzanne. A Murder in Virginia: Southern Justice on Trial. New York, New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2003.
Lemann, Nicholas. Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War. New York, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2006.
Letwin, Daniel. The Challenge of Interracial Unionism: Alabama Coal Miners, 1878-1921. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
Lichtenstein, Alex. Twice the Work of Free Labor: the Political Economy of Convict Labor in the New South. New York and London, Verso, 1996.
Mandle, Jay R. The Roots of Black Poverty: the Southern Plantation Economy after the Civil War. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1978.
Montgomery, David. Citizen Worker: The Experience of Workers in the United States with Democracy and the Free Market during the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Ortiz, Paul. Emancipation Betrayed: the Hidden History of Black Organizing and White Violence in Florida. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press, 2005.
Rosengarten, Theodore. All God's Dangers: The Life of Nate Shaw. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 2000.
Tolnay, Stewart E. and E. M. Beck. A Festival of Violence: An Analysis of Southern Lynchings, 1882-1930. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1995.
Waldrep, Christopher. Roots of Disorder: Race and Criminal Justice in the American South, 1817-80. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1998.
Williamson, Joel. The Crucible of Race: Black-White Relations in the American South since Emancipation. New York, New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 1984.
Woodward, C, Vann. The Origins of the New South, 1877-1913. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1971.
Articles, Reviews, Collections:
Arnesen, Eric, "Following the Color Line of Labor: Black Worker and the Labor Movement before 1930," Radical History Review 55 (1993): 53-87.
_____, "Up from Exclusion: Black and White Workers, Race, and the State of Labor History," Reviews in American History 6:2 (March 1998): 146-174.
_____, ed. The Black Worker: Race, Labor, and Civil Rights since Emancipation. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 2007.
Goodwyn, Lawrence C. "Populist Dreams and Negro Rights: East Texas as a Case Study," American Historical Review 76 (December 1971), 1435-56.
Halpern, Rick, "Organized Labor, Black Workers, and the Twentieth-Century South: the Emerging Revision," in Melvyn Stokes and Halpern, eds. Race and Class in the American South since 1890. London, England: Bloomsbury Academic, 1994. 43-76.
Green, James R. and Paul B. Worthman, "Black Workers in the New South, 1865-1915," in Nathan I. Huggins, ed. Key Issues in the Afro-American Experience. San Diego, California: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1971. 47-69.
Guterl, Matthew P. "After Slavery: Asian Labor, the American South, and the Age of Emancipation," Journal of World History 14:2 (June 2003): 209-242.
Lichtenstein, Alex. "Racial Conflict and Racial Solidarity in the Alabama Coal Strike of 1894: New Evidence for the Gutman-Hill Debate," Labor History 36 (Winter 1995): 63-76.
Payne, Charles M. and Adam Green, eds. Time Longer than Rope: a Century of African American Activism, 1850-1950. New York, New York: NYU Press, 2003.
Painter, Nell Irvin. " 'Social Equality,' Miscegenation, Labor and Power," in Numan V. Bartley, ed. The Evolution of Southern Culture. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1988. 47-67.
Primary Source Materials and Contemporary Accounts:
Lewis, R. and Phillip Foner, eds. The Black Worker: a Documentary History from Colonial Times to the Present,vols. 1 and 2. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Temple University Press, 1978.